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7 Different Cuts of Gemstone

gemstone cuts chart

When wearing gemstone jewellery as a statement piece, your jewellery is often characterised by the cut of gemstone used in the piece. There are many different cuts used in jewellery with some more popular and widely used than others. Today we look at 7 different cuts of gemstone that you may have seen or even wear yourself. But before we do it is important to know the basic ins and outs of gemstones that are used in jewellery…

When gemstones are mined, they are rough in both the surface and the shape. These rough gemstones are cut into shape by gem cutters, ready to be set into a piece of jewellery. There are two main types of gemstone cutting which are faceted and non-faceted. Faceted gemstones have flat sides and are geometrically shaped. These are the most commonly found type of gemstone found in jewellery nowadays as they are brilliant at reflecting light to give gemstones an added sparkle. Faceted gemstones usually have a table, crown, girdle, pavilion and culet as pictured below. 

Gemstone Facet Diagram

Non-faceted gemstones are gemstones that do not have the same flat sides as faceted gemstones and are usually just cut into shape or rounded like cabochons. 

Now that we know a little more about faceted and non-faceted gemstones, let’s have a quick look at 7 different gemstone cuts and their features…

Round Cut

sterling silver round blue cz stud earrings
Round cut blue cubic zirconia stud earrings.

A round cut gemstone, or also known as a round brilliant cut is pretty much self explanatory. It is a gemstone that has a round shape when you look at it from the top (through the table). Round cut gemstones are still the most popular cut of gemstone and are an extremely popular option for engagement rings as the way these cuts are faceted offers ultimate light reflection and sparkle.

Princess Cut

925 silver 5mm square cz studs
Sterling silver square white cubic zirconia stud earrings

A princess cut gemstone has a square shape when looking at it from a birds eye view and is the second most popular cut of gemstone seen in jewellery. Princess cuts have 57 or 76 facets which makes for excellent light reflection to this cut of gemstone truly radiant.

Oval Cut

oval cut gemstone example
An oval lac created opal ring alongside a diagram of an oval cut gemstone

The shape of an oval cut gemstone is exactly what it says on the tin. They are cut into an oval shape, most often in the style of an elongated brilliant cut and can act as a magnificent main feature for both rings and pendants. Most modern cut oval gemstones can have up to 69 facets.

Pear Cut

pear cut gemstone example alongside a diagram of a pear cut gemstone
Sterling silver pear shaped cubic zirconia pendant alongside a diagram of a pear cut gemstone.

The shape of an oval cut gemstone is exactly what it says on the tin. They are cut into an oval shape, most often in the style of an elongated brilliant cut and can act as a magnificent main feature for both rings and pendants. Most modern cut oval gemstones can have up to 69 facets.

Heart Cut

heart cut cubic zirconia stud earrings alongside a diagram of a heart cut gemstone
Heart cut cubic zirconia stud earrings alongside a diagram of a heart cut gemstone.

Heart cuts are a much more modern cut of gemstone that are almost like a Pear shaped cut with a cleft cut out at the top. A symbol of love, heart cut gemstones are fantastic for pendants, earrings and rings. A good heart cut gemstone will be symmetrical on both sides and have a well defined cleft to bring out the gemstones shape. These cuts of gemstone work best with larger gemstones as its shape is not as easily made out with a smaller gemstone.

Emerald Cut

Emerald alongside a diagram of an emerald cut gemstone
An emerald alongside a diagram of an emerald cut gemstone

Emerald cut gemstones are rectangular in shape and a brilliant way to show off the colour and clarity of a gemstone. Despite being named after the emerald gemstone, emerald cuts can come in a wide variety of gemstones. Emerald cut gemstones are characterised by step cuts, which creates a a contrast of light and dark lines which can also be known as a hall of mirrors effect. This cut of gemstone is particularly popular in rings and has been worn as an engagement ring by many prominent figures.

Marquise cut

Sterling silver marquise cut amethyst ribbon pendant alongside a diagram of a marquise cut gemstone
Sterling silver marquise cut amethyst ribbon pendant alongside a diagram of a marquise cut gemstone.

Marquise cuts, also known as navette cuts, are brilliant cut gemstones that are shaped like a long oval cut with points at each end. Just like heart cut gemstones, it is important that marquise cut stones are symmetrical as their shape can make any imperfections easily spotted. This cut of gemstone is an extremely stylish choice for rings but is also highly effective with pendants.

These are just a few of the different cuts of gemstone that you can find in jewellery. Why not take a browse at our collection of beautiful gemstone jewellery and see if you can pick out which cuts of gemstone we have to offer from this list… 

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